Called the Web Monitoring Application or WeMAp, this application is made up of four components or tools:
Current users have been making use of these tools from over the weekend to monitor Tropical Storm Dorian which passed by Barbados late Monday August 26, 2019 and which may impact other countries in the region over the next few days.
The first three tools monitor actual data, while the Real-Time Forecasting System shows the expected future development of active tropical cyclones. Therefore, the data displayed in the RTFS are in reference to forecasts and weather model predictions and policymakers and disaster risk managers can use the information provided by the RTFS component to assist with:
WeMAp is based on the new CCRIF SPHERA model, which underpins CCRIF’s tropical cyclone and earthquake parametric insurance policies and the CCRIF Excess Rainfall (XSR) 2.5 model, which underpins the excess rainfall policies.
During an active rainfall event, tropical cyclone or earthquake, users will be able to view the actual rainfall values from the different satellite and weather forecasting sources that are used in the XSR 2.5 model, the wind speed and storm surge values used in the SPHERA model for
tropical cyclones or the peak ground acceleration values used in the SPHERA model for earthquakes.
WeMAp is provided to users by CCRIF at no cost. It is expected that it would play a key role in enhancing the understanding and interpretation of CCRIF insurance policies and their associated outputs. In issuing the first set of user accounts for WeMAp, CCRIF CEO, Mr. Isaac Anthony, commented, “I am very pleased that we are able to launch this tool which would add another layer of transparency in terms of the models used to underpin CCRIF’s policies, enabling members to see firsthand how the models work in the context of their policy parameters and an event happening on the ground”
. He also pointed out that “WeMAp is among several initiatives that the Facility has been providing to build capacity among our 21 member governments in disaster risk management and financing.”
Additionally, CCRIF’s main clients, that is, member governments’ Ministries of Finance, have been granted special access to view the modelled loss values calculated by the model for their country for an active hazard event for which they have a CCRIF insurance policy and therefore would be able to compare the loss values of the event to their policy. In this way, they can determine if their CCRIF policy is likely to be triggered by the event.
The main users of WeMAp include finance officials, disaster and emergency managers and meteorological officers as well as regional and non-governmental organizations involved in natural hazard risk management such as the Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology. Humanitarian organizations can also access WeMAp. The information provided by the components of WeMAP can be used as triggers for preparedness and alert procedures by these organizations. The information provided through the tools is useful in informing decision making at such critical times to ensure public safety.
While some of the information displayed by WeMAp is publicly available and issued by third-party agencies (for example, the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration – NOAA), several layers are generated by CCRIF’s risk models, i.e., the XSR model (for excess rainfall) and the SPHERA model (for tropical cyclones and earthquakes). WeMAp is based on Google’s API System and allows the display of the exposure and hazard maps over the entire domain covered by the XSR and SPHERA models, which includes the Caribbean, the Central America and part of South America.
During CCRIF’s 12 years in existence, the Facility has demonstrated that disaster risk insurance can effectively provide a level of financial protection for countries vulnerable to tropical cyclones, earthquakes and excess rainfall. Since its inception in 2007, CCRIF has made 38 payouts totalling US$139 million to 13 of its 21 member governments – all within 14 days of the event, which is a core value proposition of CCRIF – that is, to provide quick liquidity once a policy is triggered. Essentially, these payouts have supported governments to assist their populations after a natural disaster – communities, businesses and key sectors such as education and agriculture etc. A rough assessment of the direct beneficiaries of these payouts show that over 2.5 million persons in the Caribbean and Central America have benefitted from CCRIF payouts after a hazard event. Use of payouts over the years has included providing food, shelter and medicine for affected persons; stabilizing drinking water plants; providing building materials
for persons to repair their homes; repairing critical infrastructure such as roads and bridges as a means of enabling movement and access in and out of communities; payment of government salaries for critical first responders, among others.
CCRIF invites its member countries to designate key officials to access the WeMAp tools. CCRIF encourages the inclusion of personnel from the national meteorological organizations and disaster management agencies – as well as ministries of finance. CCRIF also invites regional and international organizations to use this new application. Interested parties that would like access to WeMAp should contact CCRIF at firstname.lastname@example.org.
About CCRIF SPC:
CCRIF SPC is a segregated portfolio company, owned, operated and registered in the Caribbean. It limits the financial impact of catastrophic hurricanes, earthquakes and excess rainfall events to Caribbean and – since 2015 – Central American governments by quickly providing short-term liquidity when a parametric insurance policy is triggered. It is the world’s first regional fund utilizing parametric insurance, giving member governments the unique opportunity to purchase earthquake, hurricane and excess rainfall catastrophe coverage with lowest-possible pricing. CCRIF was developed under the technical leadership of the World Bank and with a grant from the Government of Japan. It was capitalized through contributions to a Multi-Donor Trust Fund (MDTF) by the Government of Canada, the European Union, the World Bank, the governments of the UK and France, the Caribbean Development Bank and the governments of Ireland and Bermuda, as well as through membership fees paid by participating governments. In 2014, an MDTF was established by the World Bank to support the development of CCRIF SPC’s new products for current and potential members and facilitate the entry for Central American countries and additional Caribbean countries. The MDTF currently channels funds from various donors, including: Canada, through Global Affairs Canada; the United States, through the Department of the Treasury; the European Union, through the European Commission, and Germany, through the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development and KfW, and Ireland. In 2017, the Caribbean Development Bank, with resources provided by Mexico, approved a grant to CCRIF SPC to provide enhanced insurance coverage to the Bank’s Borrowing Member Countries.